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Post-Capitalist Society

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13-04-2019 - 09:4413-04-2019 - 23:49

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That the new society will be both a non-socialist and a post-capitalist society is practically certain. And it is certain also that its primary resource will be knowledge. This also means that it will have to be a society of organizations. Certain it is that in politics we have already shifted from the four hundred years of the sovereign nation-state to a pluralism in which the nation-state will be one rather than the only unit of political integration. It will be one component—though still a key component—in what I call the “post-capitalist polity,” a system in which transnational, regional, nation-state, and local, even tribal, structures compete and co-exist. — in Post-Capitalist Society
[...]most of us also know—or at least sense—that developed countries are moving out of anything that could be called “capitalism.” — in Post-Capitalist Society
By the year 2000 there will be no developed country where traditional workers making and moving goods account for more than one sixth or one eighth of the work force. — in Post-Capitalist Society
in developed countries pension funds increasingly control the supply and allocation of money. In the United States, these funds in 1992 owned half of the share capital of the country’s large businesses and held almost as much of these companies’ fixed debts — in Post-Capitalist Society
If Socialism is defined, as Marx defined it, as ownership of the means of production by the employees, then the United States has become the most “socialist” country around—while still remaining the most “capitalist” one as well. — in Post-Capitalist Society
the real, controlling resource and the absolutely decisive “factor of production” is now neither capital nor land nor labor. It is knowledge. Instead of capitalists and proletarians, the classes of the post-capitalist society are knowledge workers and service workers. — in Post-Capitalist Society
The same forces which destroyed Marxism as an ideology and Communism as a social system are, however, also making Capitalism obsolescent. For two hundred and fifty years, from the second half of the eighteenth century on, Capitalism was the dominant social reality. For the last hundred years, Marxism was the dominant social ideology. Both are rapidly being superseded by a new and very different society. — in Post-Capitalist Society
The new society—and it is already here—is a post-capitalist society. This new society surely, to say it again, will use the free market as the one proven mechanism of economic integration. It will not be an “anti-capitalist society.” It will not even be a “non-capitalist society” the institutions of Capitalism will survive, although some, such as banks, may play quite different roles. But the center of gravity in the post-capitalist society—its structure, its social and economic dynamics, its social classes, and its social problems—is different from the one that dominated the last two hundred and fifty years and defined the issues around which political parties, social groups, social value systems, and personal and political commitments crystallized. — in Post-Capitalist Society
The basic economic resource—“the means of production,” to use the economist’s term—is no longer capital, nor natural resources (the economist’s “land”), nor “labor.” It is and will be knowledge. — in Post-Capitalist Society
Value is now created by “productivity” and “innovation,” both applications of knowledge to work. — in Post-Capitalist Society
The leading social groups of the knowledge society will be “knowledge workers”—knowledge executives who know how to allocate knowledge to productive use, just as the capitalists knew how to allocate capital to productive use; knowledge professionals; knowledge employees. Practically all these knowledge people will be employed in organizations. Yet, unlike the employees under Capitalism, they will own both the “means of production” and the “tools of production” — in Post-Capitalist Society
knowledge workers own their knowledge and can take it with them wherever they go. — in Post-Capitalist Society
The social challenge of the post-capitalist society will, however, be the dignity of the second class in post-capitalist society: the service workers. [...] And in every country, even the most highly advanced one, they will constitute a majority. — in Post-Capitalist Society
The dichotomy will be between “intellectuals” and “managers,” the former concerned with words and ideas, the latter with people and work. To transcend this dichotomy in a new synthesis will be a central philosophical and educational challenge for the post-capitalist society. — in Post-Capitalist Society
[...] for forty years, since the end of World War II, the sovereign nation-state has steadily been losing its position as the sole organ of power. Internally, developed countries are fast becoming pluralist societies of organizations. — in Post-Capitalist Society
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